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Setup Webhook Receivers

The GitOps toolkit controllers are by design pull-based. In order to notify the controllers about changes in Git or Helm repositories, you can setup webhooks and trigger a cluster reconciliation every time a source changes. Using webhook receivers, you can build push-based GitOps pipelines that react to external events.

Prerequisites

To follow this guide you'll need a Kubernetes cluster with the GitOps toolkit controllers installed on it. Please see the get started guide or the installation guide.

The notification controller can handle events coming from external systems (GitHub, GitLab, Bitbucket, Harbor, Jenkins, etc) and notify the GitOps toolkit controllers about source changes. The notification controller is part of the default toolkit installation.

Expose the webhook receiver

In order to receive Git push or Helm chart upload events, you'll have to expose the webhook receiver endpoint outside of your Kubernetes cluster on a public address.

The notification controller handles webhook requests on port 9292. This port can be used to create a Kubernetes LoadBalancer Service or Ingress.

Create a LoadBalancer service:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: receiver
  namespace: gotk-system
spec:
  type: LoadBalancer
  selector:
    app: notification-controller
  ports:
    - name: http
      port: 80
      protocol: TCP
      targetPort: 9292

Wait for Kubernetes to assign a public address with:

watch kubectl -n gotk-system get svc/receiver

Define a Git repository

Create a Git source pointing to a GitHub repository that you have control over:

apiVersion: source.toolkit.fluxcd.io/v1beta1
kind: GitRepository
metadata:
  name: webapp
  namespace: gotk-system
spec:
  interval: 60m
  url: https://github.com/<GH-ORG>/<GH-REPO>
  ref:
    branch: master

Authentication

SSH or token based authentication can be configured for private repositories. See the GitRepository CRD docs for more details.

Define a Git repository receiver

First generate a random string and create a secret with a token field:

TOKEN=$(head -c 12 /dev/urandom | shasum | cut -d ' ' -f1)
echo $TOKEN

kubectl -n gotk-system create secret generic webhook-token \    
--from-literal=token=$TOKEN

Create a receiver for GitHub and specify the GitRepository object:

apiVersion: notification.toolkit.fluxcd.io/v1beta1
kind: Receiver
metadata:
  name: webapp
  namespace: gotk-system
spec:
  type: github
  events:
    - "ping"
    - "push"
  secretRef:
    name: webhook-token
  resources:
    - kind: GitRepository
      name: webapp

Note

Besides GitHub, you can define receivers for GitLab, Bitbucket, Harbor and any other system that supports webhooks e.g. Jenkins, CircleCI, etc. See the Receiver CRD docs for more details.

The notification controller generates a unique URL using the provided token and the receiver name/namespace.

Find the URL with:

$ kubectl -n gotk-system get receiver/webapp

NAME     READY   STATUS
webapp   True    Receiver initialised with URL: /hook/bed6d00b5555b1603e1f59b94d7fdbca58089cb5663633fb83f2815dc626d92b

On GitHub, navigate to your repository and click on the "Add webhook" button under "Settings/Webhooks". Fill the form with:

  • Payload URL: compose the address using the receiver LB and the generated URL http://<LoadBalancerAddress>/<ReceiverURL>
  • Secret: use the token string

With the above settings, when you push a commit to the repository, the following happens:

  • GitHub sends the Git push event to the receiver address
  • Notification controller validates the authenticity of the payload using HMAC
  • Source controller is notified about the changes
  • Source controller pulls the changes into the cluster and updates the GitRepository revision
  • Kustomize controller is notified about the revision change
  • Kustomize controller reconciles all the Kustomizations that reference the GitRepository object